Tibet in Exile

Population: Approximately 1,28,014 [Approximate world-wide distribution: India 94,203; Nepal 13,514; Bhutan 1,298; and rest of the world 18,999 (Demographic Survey of Tibetans in Exile 2009, by Planning Commission of Central Tibetan Administration, 2010)

Government: Democratic and popularly elected

Judiciary: Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission

Legislature: Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile with 44 members

Executive: The Kashag (Cabinet) is the apex executive body. The Sikyong (Tibetan Political Leader) is elected directly by the exile population for a term of five years. Under the Kashag are the main departments of Religion and Culture, Home, Education, Finance, Security, Information and International Relations, and Health

Major NGOs: Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC), Tibetan Women’s Association (TWA), National Democratic Party of Tibet (NDPT), Gu-Chu-Sum Movement

Foreign Missions: Based in New Delhi, Kathmandu, New York, London, Geneva, Moscow, Brussels, Canberra, Tokyo, Pretoria and Taipei

Livelihood: Agriculture, agro-industries, carpet weaving and exports, service sector. The winter sweater selling business is the economic mainstay of about 70 percent of the exile population in India

Education: Total school enrolment is 85 to 90 percent of the school-aged children in exile. According to 2009 Demographic survey of the Planning Commission of CTA, Effective Literacy Rate of the total Tibetans in India, Nepal and Bhutan is 82.4%

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